ar-Rafeeq (The Gentle One)


ar-Rafeeq (The Gentle One)

On the authority of ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her), a group of Jews came to the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) and said, “As-saam ‘alaykum (Death be upon you).” ‘Aa’ishah responded by saying, “Rather, death and curses be upon you!” So the Prophet (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said:

“O ‘Aa’ishah! Verily, Allaah, is Rafeeq, and He loves gentleness in all affairs.”

Then she said, “But didn’t you hear what they were saying?” He (may Allaah raise his rank and grant him peace) said:

“I replied: and to you (likewise).”

Collected by al-Bukhaaree (6927) and Muslim (2165)

Exemplary principles concerning the beautiful names of Allaah.
Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen D. 1421 H
Translated by Moosaa Richardson
Revised 2nd Edition with additional commentary.



Narrated `Aisha:

The Jews used to greet the Prophet (Peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) by saying, “As-Samu ‘Alaika (i.e., death be upon you), so I understood what they said, and I said to them, “As-Samu ‘alaikum wal-la’na (i.e. Death and Allah’s Curse be upon you).” The Prophet (Peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) said, “Be gentle and calm, O `Aisha, as Allah likes gentleness in all affairs.” I said, “O Allah’s Prophet! Didn’t you hear what they said?” He said, “Didn’t you hear me answering them back by saying, ‘Alaikum (i.e., the same be upon you)?”

 حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا هِشَامٌ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله عنها ـ قَالَتْ كَانَ الْيَهُودُ يُسَلِّمُونَ عَلَى النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُونَ السَّامُ عَلَيْكَ‏.‏ فَفَطِنَتْ عَائِشَةُ إِلَى قَوْلِهِمْ فَقَالَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ السَّامُ وَاللَّعْنَةُ‏.‏ فَقَالَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ مَهْلاً يَا عَائِشَةُ، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الرِّفْقَ فِي الأَمْرِ كُلِّهِ ‏”‏‏.‏ فَقَالَتْ يَا نَبِيَّ اللَّهِ أَوَلَمْ تَسْمَعْ مَا يَقُولُونَ قَالَ ‏”‏ أَوَلَمْ تَسْمَعِي أَنِّي أَرُدُّ ذَلِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ فَأَقُولُ وَعَلَيْكُمْ ‏”‏‏.‏

Reference: Sahih al-Bukhari 6395
In-book reference: Book 80, Hadith 90
USC-MSA web (English) reference: Vol. 8, Book 75, Hadith 404
(deprecated numbering scheme)


Monir Sharif Sider

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